Connecting Networks

Articles tagged with: ipv6

Tracking the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses

on Thursday, 01 August 2019 Posted in News Rezopole, News LyonIX, News GrenoblIX

Tracking the exhaustion of IPv4 addresses

Used since 1983, Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) allows the Internet to work: each terminal on the network (computer, telephone, server, etc.) is addressable by an IPv4 address. This protocol offers an addressing space of nearly 4.3 billion IPv4 addresses. But the success of the Internet, the diversity of uses and the multiplication of connected objects have as a direct consequence the progressive exhaustion of these addresses. By the end of June 2018, the four major French operators (Bouygues Telecom, Free, Orange, SFR) had already assigned between 88% and 99% of the IPv4 addresses they own.

 

Only 2.856 million public IPv4s remain available at RIPE NCC as of July 23th, 2019.

Two scenarios are now possible:

  • 1: allocation of 1024 IPv4 addresses by LIR until depletion.
  • 2: allocation of 1024 IPv4 addresses by LIR until the last million available IPv4 addresses, then 256 IPv4 addresses by LIR until depletion.

The most likely date for IPv4 depletion is May 6, 2020 (scenario 2).

If RIPE proposal 2019-02, allowing to limit to 256 IPv4 per LIR (scenario 1), is rejected, it will be on December 25, 2019.

 

On the day of the exhaustion of RIPE-NCC IPv4, the price of IPv4 on the secondary market for the purchase of already allocated addresses is expected to soar according to supply and demand. Indeed, players who have too many IPv4 addresses can sell them to those who do not have enough or none at all.

A high price that could erect an entry barrier against new market players and increase the risk of the development of an Internet split in two: IPv4 on the one hand and IPv6 on the other. As Jérémy Martin, Technical Director of Firstheberg.com explains: "With increasing demand for a fixed number of IPv4, the cost of renting an IPv4 will double in the next 2 years"

 

To address the shortage of IPv4 addresses, ISPs have implemented some alternative mechanisms. For example, Carrier-grade NAT (CGN) equipment allows an IPv4 address to be shared between several clients. However, they have several negative effects that make it difficult to maintain IPv4 and almost impossible to use it for a number of purposes (peer-to-peer, remote access to shared files on a NAS or connected home control systems, certain network games, etc.).

For Grégory Mounier of Europol, this can go further and "violates the privacy of many people who could be summoned in proceedings even though investigators are only interested in one suspect. In this context, only a near-total transition to IPv6 can be a sustainable response to this problem."

On the other hand, an operator buying IPv4 addresses from a foreign player takes the risk that its customers will be located outside France for many months and thus block many services.

 

Accelerating the transition to IPv6 is the only sustainable solution. Only a near-total mutation can allow content providers to do without IPv4.

 

 

 

 

 Read the article

 

Source : Arcep

 

 

 

 

Arcep: Open Internet

on Thursday, 11 July 2019 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Arcep: Open Internet

The Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes is publishing the 2019 edition of its Internet Health Check in France. Submitted to Parliament, this report highlights the actions taken to ensure the openness of the Internet, looks at potential threats and presents the regulator's action to contain them.

 

The balance sheet in brief!

 

1- Quality of services
The service comparators are so inhomogeneous today that the Arcep wanted to improve them by setting up an API in the boxes containing the "access identity card" of each terminal. This will allow a much better diagnosis with reliable information on the parameters of each measurement. This API is complemented by a code of conduct. Gradually adopted by the measurement stakeholders, it makes it possible to improve the reliability, transparency and readability of the results.

 

2- Data interconnection
In constant evolution, this ecosystem can be the site of occasional tensions. The Arcep is vigilant in monitoring the market. It publishes data from its information collection in its annual barometer of interconnection in France. When the situation requires it, the Arcep can also become a "gendarme" and settle disputes between the actors.

 

3- Transition to IPV6
The end of IPV4 is now scheduled for June 2020. Operators' planned deployments of IPV6 may not be able to address the shortage of IPV4 addresses. Therefore, Arcep will organise the first working meeting of the "IPV6 Task Force" in the second half of 2019. These meetings will aim to accelerate the transition to IPV6 in France by sharing the experiences of the different actors and defining actions to be implemented

 

4- Net neutrality
The guidelines for the implementation of the principle of net neutrality by national regulators have generally proved their worth. The country has a positive balance sheet. However, Arcep ensures that access providers continue to adjust their practices in line with the European regulatory framework.

 

5- Opening of terminals
If in terms of net neutrality, the Arcep can exercise its protection on networks there is a weak link: terminals. Adopted at the beginning of this year, the European "Platform-to-business" regulation brings more transparency on the practices of online platforms towards their corporate clients. However, this regulation does not yet ensure the neutrality of terminals. Arcep made 11 concrete proposals to ensure an "end-to-end" open Internet in a report on the issue in February 2018.


 

 

 Read the report

 

Source : Arcep

 

 

 

 

The RUG 19-bis is also sold out!

on Wednesday, 05 September 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

The RUG 19-bis is also sold out!

Full carton for this extra date! The maximum number of participants for this Rezopole User Group was reached in less than 24 hours this time. A big thank you to all of you.

Meeting on Friday 28th September from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm at Rezopole headquarters (16 rue de la Thibaudière, 69007 Lyon).

As a reminder, this RUG 19-bis will focus on the issues surrounding the implementation of IPv6. We will also discuss the latest implementation and safety recommendations.

Program
  • Breakfast
  • IPv6 deployment status (statistics, news, etc.)
  • Simple operation and deployment:
    • DHCPv6
    • SLAAC
    • Dual-Stack
  • Good IPv6 Practices :
    • IPv6 filtering
    • Public addressing
    • Router-Advertisement
    • Monitoring
  • Addressing plan :
    • Allocations and IPAM
    • Geographic routing
  • Difference in routines
  • Round table discussions and sharing experiences

 

 

 

 

Additional date for RUG 19

on Tuesday, 04 September 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

Additional date for RUG 19

Following the enthusiasm for this Rezopole User Group, our technical team offers you a second session! Appointment on Friday 28th September from 9 am to 12 pm at the hôtel de Région Auvergne Rhône-Alpes (1 esplanade François Mitterrand, 69002 Lyon)

 

As a reminder, this RUG 19-bis will focus on the issues surrounding the implementation of IPV6. We will also discuss the latest implementation and safety recommendations.


Program
  • Breakfast
  • IPv6 deployment status (statistics, news, etc.)
  • Simple operation and deployment:
    • DHCPv6
    • SLAAC
    • Dual-Stack
  • Good IPv6 Practices :
    • IPv6 filtering
    • Public addressing
    • Router-Advertisement
    • Monitoring
  • Addressing plan :
    • Allocations and IPAM
    • Geographic routing
  • Difference in routines
  • Tour de table and sharing experiences

 

 

I register

 

The number of places is limited!
Please confirm your participation before September 26th.

 

 

 

 

RUG 19 already sold-out!

on Friday, 31 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

RUG 19 already sold-out!

Full in less than an hour! This Rezopole User Group has filled up in less time than it takes to say. Thank you to those who registered so quickly.

The technical team will meet you on September 21st from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm in our premises (16 rue de la Thibaudière, 69007 Lyon).


This edition will focus on the issues surrounding the implementation of IPv6. We will also discuss the latest implementation and safety recommendations.


Program
  • Breakfast
  • IPv6 deployment status (statistics, news, etc.)
  • Simple operation and deployment:
    • DHCPv6
    • SLAAC
    • Dual-Stack
  • Good IPv6 Practices :
    • IPv6 filtering
    • Public addressing
    • Router-Advertisement
    • Monitoring
  • Addressing plan :
    • Allocations and IPAM
    • Geographic routing
  • Difference in routines
  • Round table discussions and sharing experiences

 

 

 

 

The RUG goes back to school

on Friday, 24 August 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

The RUG goes back to school

This 19th edition will focus on the current state of IPv6 deployment. This protocol is now becoming essential with the explosion of connected objects and the shortage of IPv4. However, its implementation remains a complex stage and difficult to be adopted by all.



We will provide a reminder on how IPv6 works as well as possible deployments. We will also discuss routing differences according to protocol and operators, as well as good practices related to IPv6.


See you next September 21th!
Until registration opens, click here to (re)discover all the details of this morning.

  

 

 

 

Need a BGP training?

on Monday, 28 May 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Need a BGP training?

See you on October 09th and 10th! During these two days, you will gradually and completely approach the different aspects of BGP (peering and the use of Route Server). On the 1st day already, you set up your first session. The workshop also explains techniques for announcing and filtering networks in both IPv4 and IPv6. The training covers the operation and configuration of the BGP protocol on Bird, Cisco, Mikrotik, Quagga equipments. The BGP routing protocol is required to interconnect on an IXP.


Price: 1000 € (Ex-VAT) per attendee during 2 days (lunch included)!

This training may be covered by your OPCA (Rezopole activity number: 84691581469).

 

Do you want to participate? Just send us an email.

The registration closing date is on October 02nd, 2018.

 

Program

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 !
    To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.                        

Learn more

 

  Download the BGP training info 

 

 

BGP Workshop in Lyon on March 13th & 14th

on Monday, 26 February 2018 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

BGP Workshop in Lyon on March 13th & 14th

Register-now for the BGP Workshop that will be held at the Rezopole premises in Lyon! Learn the basics and master one of the fundamental protocols of the Internet for an efficient peering.

 

The Rezopole BGP Workshop presents the routing BGP, the founding protocol of Internet, necessary to use Internet on an IXP, the concepts of peering and Route Servers. The workshop also explains the setup techniques to announce and filter networks, both in IPv4 and IPv6.

 

Train your technical team on BGP protocol:

Price: 1000 € (Ex-VAT) per attendee during 2 days (lunch included)!

Possible support by your OCPA.

 

Do you want to participate? Just send us email.

The registration closing date is on March 9th, 2018.

Program

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 !
    To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.                        

Learn more

 

  Download the BGP training info 

 

 

BGP Workshop in Lyon on December 5th & 6th

on Friday, 17 November 2017 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

BGP Workshop in Lyon on December 5th & 6th

Register-now for the BGP Workshop that will be held at the Rezopole premises in Lyon! Learn the basics and master one of the fundamental protocols of the Internet for an efficient peering.

 

The Rezopole BGP Workshop presents the routing BGP, the founding protocol of Internet, necessary to use Internet on an IXP, the concepts of peering and Route Servers. The workshop also explains the setup techniques to announce and filter networks, both in IPv4 and IPv6.

 

Train your technical team on BGP protocol:

Tariff for 2000 € (Ex-VAT) for 2 persons during 2 days! We offer lunches!

 

Do you want to participate? Just send us email.

The registration closing date is on December 1st, 2017.

Program

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 !
    To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.                        

Learn more

 

  Download the BGP training info 

 

 

Workshop BGP is sold-out!

on Thursday, 28 September 2017 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

Workshop BGP is sold-out!

Thanks to all those who have joined the Whorkshop BGP which takes place on October, 3rd & 4th at the Rezopole premises!

 

See you soon, stay connected!

Program

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 !
    To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.              

 

 

BGP Workshop in Lyon on June 19th & 20th!

on Tuesday, 02 May 2017 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX

BGP Workshop in Lyon on June 19th & 20th!

Register-now for the BGP Workshop that will be held at the Rezopole premises in Lyon! Learn the basics and master one of the fundamental protocols of the Internet for an efficient peering.

 

The Rezopole BGP Workshop presents the routing BGP, the founding protocol of Internet, necessary to use Internet on an IXP, the concepts of peering and Route Servers. The workshop also explains the setup techniques to announce and filter networks, both in IPv4 and IPv6.

 

Train your technical team on BGP protocol:

Tariff for 2000 € (Ex-VAT) for 2 persons during 2 days (we offer lunch)

 

Do you want to participate? Just send us email.

The registration closing date is on June 13th, 2017.

Program

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 !
    To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.                        

Learn more

 

Download the BGP training documentation

 

 

No more place available for the RUG 13!

on Thursday, 30 June 2016 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

No more place available for the RUG 13!

The RUG 13 participants' maximum number has been reached!

Thanks you all and see you soon!

Program:

- breakfast

- topic to be dealt: IPv6

Situation and challenges: facilitator Noémie Clémençon (Rezopole)

- IPv4 shortage,

- significant increase of IP, Internet of Things use,

- rate of deployment,

- challenges for content and service providers.

Deployment Type: facilitator Fabrice Rouvier (Rezopole)

- the customer positions pool case,

- the content provider case,

- the hosting service provider case.

Security: facilitator Ronan Bianic (Rezopole)

- public address system come back,

- IPv6 omnipresence on the customer positions and appliances,

- dual stack = dual filtering,

- best practices,

- router-announcements filtering.

Addressing plan management: facilitator Jean-Daniel Pauget (Rezopole)

- recommendations,

- a limited number of BGP announcements,

- subnet allocation for customers etc,

- allocation management tools.

Learn more

Each RUG gathers 10 participants maximum. Find more details here.

Do you have any questions?

For more information contact us This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

 

 

 

BGP Workshop in Lyon on October 3rd & 4th!

on Thursday, 30 June 2016 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives LyonIX

BGP Workshop in Lyon on October 3rd & 4th!

Rezopole organises its next Workshop BGP in Lyon on October 3rd and 4th at the Rezopole premises! Learn the basics and master one of the fundamental protocols of the Internet for an efficient peering.

 

The Rezopole BGP Workshop presents the routing BGP, the founding protocol of Internet, necessary to use Internet on an IXP, the concepts of peering and Route Servers. The workshop also explains the setup techniques to announce and filter networks, both in IPv4 and IPv6.

 

Train your technical team on BGP protocol:

Prise is € 1000 (Ex-VAT) for 2 persons during 2 days (lunch included)

 

Do you want to participate? Just send us an email.

The registration closing date is on September 26th, 2016.

Program

 

  • IP Reminders/Routing
  • VM and Quagga
  • Cisco Reminders
  • The first sessions configuration
  • Simple Filtering
  • BGP Session in FULL Table
  • Configuration with IP public adresses
  • 1 filtre out on the announced IP                      
  • 1 route-map in deny
  • 1 route-map weight
  • Documentation community
  • 1 route-map community
  • IPv6 Context and goals
  • BGP IPv6 Sessions
  • Optionally: What changes between V4 et V6 ! To implement V6 et continue to ensure V4.                        

Learn more

 

Download the BGP training documentation

 

 

 

La présentation "BGP - Incidents et mécanismes de sécurité des réseaux" est en ligne

on Wednesday, 17 October 2012 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX, Archives SaintetIX, Archives ADN-IX

La présentation

Over the SSI Club of Clusir meeting that took place on October 17, 2012 at Espace Numérique Entreprise, Arnaud Fenioux, network ingineer at Rezopole presented "BGP, Network security's incident and mechanism". The presentation is now online.

{edocs}rzp_clusir.pdf,450,340,link{/edocs}

To learn more about the Clusir: http://www.clusir-rha.fr

Rezopole présente aux membres du Clusir le BGP - Incidents et mécanismes de sécurité des réseaux

on Tuesday, 16 October 2012 Posted in Archives Rezopole, Archives GrenoblIX, Archives LyonIX, Archives SaintetIX, Archives ADN-IX

Rezopole présente aux membres du Clusir le BGP - Incidents et mécanismes de sécurité des réseaux

Rezopole will take part in Clusir Club SSI meeting with the topic: "Network security: BGP and IPv6"

The meeting organised by Clusir (Club de la sécurité des Systèmes d'Information Régionaux) will take place on October, 17, 2012, at Espace Numérique Entreprise from 9 AM.

 

Stakeholders

Arnaud Fenioux, network ingineer at Rezopole - BGP presentation: network security's incidents and mechanisms.

Philippe Conchonnet, Business développeur sécurité Orange - IPv6 presentation.

 

To learn more about the Clusir : http://www.clusir-rha.fr

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